Characterizing granular networks using topological metrics.


Journal Article

We carry out a direct comparison of experimental and numerical realizations of the exact same granular system as it undergoes shear jamming. We adjust the numerical methods used to optimally represent the experimental settings and outcomes up to microscopic contact force dynamics. Measures presented here range from microscopic through mesoscopic to systemwide characteristics of the system. Topological properties of the mesoscopic force networks provide a key link between microscales and macroscales. We report two main findings: (1) The number of particles in the packing that have at least two contacts is a good predictor for the mechanical state of the system, regardless of strain history and packing density. All measures explored in both experiments and numerics, including stress-tensor-derived measures and contact numbers depend in a universal manner on the fraction of nonrattler particles, f_{NR}. (2) The force network topology also tends to show this universality, yet the shape of the master curve depends much more on the details of the numerical simulations. In particular we show that adding force noise to the numerical data set can significantly alter the topological features in the data. We conclude that both f_{NR} and topological metrics are useful measures to consider when quantifying the state of a granular system.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Dijksman, JA; Kovalcinova, L; Ren, J; Behringer, RP; Kramar, M; Mischaikow, K; Kondic, L

Published Date

  • April 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 97 / 4-1

Start / End Page

  • 042903 -

PubMed ID

  • 29758651

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29758651

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2470-0053

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2470-0045

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1103/physreve.97.042903


  • eng