Scaling limit of the Stein variational gradient descent: the mean field regime

Journal Article

We study an interacting particle system in $\mathbf{R}^d$ motivated by Stein variational gradient descent [Q. Liu and D. Wang, NIPS 2016], a deterministic algorithm for sampling from a given probability density with unknown normalization. We prove that in the large particle limit the empirical measure of the particle system converges to a solution of a non-local and nonlinear PDE. We also prove global existence, uniqueness and regularity of the solution to the limiting PDE. Finally, we prove that the solution to the PDE converges to the unique invariant solution in long time limit.

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Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lu, J; Lu, Y; Nolen, J