Posterior Bony Impingement-Potential Mechanism of Ligamentum Teres Tears.
PURPOSE:To describe a potential causal mechanism of ligamentum teres (LT) tears, a specific treatment for posterior impingement of the LT, and to report the minimum 2-year outcome of this treatment. METHODS:We retrospectively reviewed data collected from 1,251 hip arthroscopies performed by the senior surgeon over a 26-month period. During this time, 424 LT tears were identified including 9 patients with isolated partial LT tears caused by impingement of the LT against a prominent acetabular fossa posterior wall and no other intra-articular pathology. All 9 patients were treated with LT tear debridement and excision of the impinging bony prominence using an arthroscopic burr. Patients were followed with a modified Harris hip score and nonarthritic hip score for a minimum of 24 months (mean, 29 months; range, 24-38 months). RESULTS:After surgery, all patients returned to their preinjury level of activity. The modified Harris hip score increased from a mean of 58.9 preoperatively (range, 41.8-84.7) to 89.2 (range, 70.3.5-96.7) (P = .02) at a minimum of 2-year follow-up. Similarly, the nonarthritic hip score increased from a mean of 56.2 (range, 35-90) to 91.9 (range, 81.5-98.5) (P = .01) at a minimum of 2 years after surgery. There were no complications associated with the procedure and no revision surgeries performed over the 2-year follow-up. CONCLUSIONS:LT tears may, very uncommonly, be caused by impingement of the mid-part of the ligament against a prominent posterior acetabular fossa edge. In this group of 9 cases, debridement of the torn ligament segment, in combination with resection of the impinging bone, was associated with marked symptomatic improvement and full return to activities for a minimum of 2 years. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE:Level IV, therapeutic case series.
Economopoulos, K; O'Donnell, J
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