Microscopic Origins of Shear Jamming for 2D Frictional Grains.

Published

Journal Article

Shear jamming (SJ) occurs for frictional granular materials with packing fractions ϕ in ϕ_{S}<ϕ<ϕ_{J}^{0}, when the material is subject to shear strain γ starting from a force-free state. Here, ϕ_{J}^{μ} is the isotropic jamming point for particles with a friction coefficient μ. SJ states have mechanically stable anisotropic force networks, e.g., force chains. Here, we investigate the origins of SJ by considering small-scale structures-trimers and branches-whose response to shear leads to SJ. Trimers are any three grains where the two outer grains contact a center one. Branches occur where three or more quasilinear force chain segments intersect. Certain trimers respond to shear by compressing and bending; bending is a nonlinear symmetry-breaking process that can push particles in the dilation direction faster than the affine dilation. We identify these structures in physical experiments on systems of two-dimensional frictional discs, and verify their role in SJ. Trimer bending and branch creation both increase Z above Z_{iso}≃3 needed for jamming 2D frictional grains, and grow the strong force network, leading to SJ.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Wang, D; Ren, J; Dijksman, JA; Zheng, H; Behringer, RP

Published Date

  • May 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 120 / 20

Start / End Page

  • 208004 -

PubMed ID

  • 29864324

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29864324

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1079-7114

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0031-9007

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1103/physrevlett.120.208004

Language

  • eng