Racial and ethnic differences in the prevalence, management, and outcomes in patients with atrial fibrillation: A systematic review.
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common cardiac arrhythmia in the United States and is associated with increased morbidity, mortality, and health care expenditures. In this review, our aim was to assess the racial and ethnic differences in the epidemiology, management, and outcomes of patients with AF. A search of relevant studies from January 1, 2007, to December 30, 2017, was conducted in PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science and supplemented by manual searches of the bibliographies of retrieved articles. We identified 152 studies of which 64 were subsequently included. We found that underrepresented racial and ethnic groups have a higher prevalence of established risk factors associated with the development of AF but an overall lower incidence and prevalence of AF as compared with non-Hispanic whites. Moreover, racial and ethnic differences exist in detection, awareness, and AF-associated symptoms. Nonwhite populations also experience decreased use of rhythm control modalities and anticoagulation for stroke prevention. Lastly, among those with AF, underrepresented racial and ethnic groups had increased morbidity and mortality relative to white groups. Racial and ethnic differences exist in the prevalence, quality of life, management, and outcomes of individuals with AF; however, the mechanisms for these differences have yet to be fully elucidated. Racial and ethnic differences in AF warrant further analysis to understand the factors contributing to the differences in prevalence and management to ensure the delivery of high quality care that prevents stroke, reduces deaths, and decreases expenses associated with caring for underrepresented populations with AF.
Ugowe, FE; Jackson, LR; Thomas, KL
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Pubmed Central ID
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)