Application of nanofiltration for Rare Earth Elements recovery from coal fly ash leachate: Performance and cost evaluation


Journal Article

© 2018 Elsevier B.V. This work evaluated nanofiltration (NF) as a potential step in the recovery process of Rare Earth Elements (REEs) from leachates of coal combustion fly ashes. A pre-treatment step, by pH adjustment and microfiltration (MF), has been studied to separate REEs by major elements. The individual and combined effects of applied pressure (12-24 bar) and NF feed acidity (pH 1.5-3.5) on rejection of six critical REEs and permeate flux have been investigated via response surface methodology (RSM). The resulting model equations were used to develop a cost model for the recovery chain, in order to select the optimum NF operating conditions. The optimization of the REE recovery chain, including pre-treatment and NF, was done with respect to the objective of maximizing the difference between NF concentrate economic value and treatment cost. NF with an appropriate MF pre-treatment has been effective in concentrating REEs from fly ash leachate, reaching the maximum potential gain at the optimum operating conditions of 12 bar and pH 3.5.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Kose Mutlu, B; Cantoni, B; Turolla, A; Antonelli, M; Hsu-Kim, H; Wiesner, MR

Published Date

  • October 1, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 349 /

Start / End Page

  • 309 - 317

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1385-8947

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.cej.2018.05.080

Citation Source

  • Scopus