Visit-to-Visit Blood Pressure Variability and Mortality and Cardiovascular Outcomes Among Older Adults: The Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study.

Published

Journal Article

BACKGROUND:Level of blood pressure (BP) is strongly associated with cardiovascular (CV) events and mortality. However, it is questionable whether mean BP can fully capture BP-related vascular risk. Increasing attention has been given to the value of visit-to-visit BP variability. METHODS:We examined the association of visit-to-visit BP variability with mortality, incident myocardial infarction (MI), and incident stroke among 1,877 well-functioning elders in the Health, Aging, and Body Composition Study. We defined visit-to-visit diastolic BP (DBP) and systolic BP (SBP) variability as the root-mean-square error of person-specific linear regression of BP as a function of time. Alternatively, we counted the number of considerable BP increases and decreases (separately; 10mm Hg for DBP and 20mm Hg for SBP) between consecutive visits for each individual. RESULTS:Over an average follow-up of 8.5 years, 623 deaths (207 from CV disease), 153 MIs, and 156 strokes occurred. The median visit-to-visit DBP and SBP variability was 4.96 mmHg and 8.53 mmHg, respectively. After multivariable adjustment, visit-to-visit DBP variability was related to higher all-cause (hazard ratio (HR) = 1.18 per 1 SD, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.01-1.37) and CV mortality (HR = 1.35, 95% CI = 1.05-1.73). Additionally, individuals having more considerable decreases of DBP (≥10mm Hg between 2 consecutive visits) had higher risk of all-cause (HR = 1.13, 95% CI = 0.99-1.28) and CV mortality (HR = 1.30, 95% CI = 1.05-1.61); considerable increases of SBP (≥20mm Hg) were associated with higher risk of all-cause (HR = 1.18, 95% CI = 1.03-1.36) and CV mortality (HR = 1.37, 95% CI = 1.08-1.74). CONCLUSIONS:Visit-to-visit DBP variability and considerable changes in DBP and SBP were risk factors for mortality in the elderly.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Wu, C; Shlipak, MG; Stawski, RS; Peralta, CA; Psaty, BM; Harris, TB; Satterfield, S; Shiroma, EJ; Newman, AB; Odden, MC; Health ABC Study,

Published Date

  • February 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 30 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 151 - 158

PubMed ID

  • 27600581

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27600581

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1941-7225

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0895-7061

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1093/ajh/hpw106

Language

  • eng