Confidence level estimation in multi-target classification problems


Conference Paper

© 2018 SPIE. This paper presents an approach for estimating the confidence level in automatic multi-target classification performed by an imaging sensor on an unmanned vehicle. An automatic target recognition algorithm comprised of a deep convolutional neural network in series with a support vector machine classifier detects and classifies targets based on the image matrix. The joint posterior probability mass function of target class, features, and classification estimates is learned from labeled data, and recursively updated as additional images become available. Based on the learned joint probability mass function, the approach presented in this paper predicts the expected confidence level of future target classifications, prior to obtaining new images. The proposed approach is tested with a set of simulated sonar image data. The numerical results show that the estimated confidence level provides a close approximation to the actual confidence level value determined a posteriori, i.e. after the new image is obtained by the on-board sensor. Therefore, the expected confidence level function presented in this paper can be used to adaptively plan the path of the unmanned vehicle so as to optimize the expected confidence levels and ensure that all targets are classified with satisfactory confidence after the path is executed.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Chang, S; Isaacs, J; Fu, B; Shin, J; Zhu, P; Ferrari, S

Published Date

  • January 1, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 10628 /

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1996-756X

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0277-786X

International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)

  • 9781510617674

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1117/12.2319988

Citation Source

  • Scopus