Force Field for Water Based on Neural Network.
We developed a novel neural network-based force field for water based on training with high-level ab initio theory. The force field was built based on an electrostatically embedded many-body expansion method truncated at binary interactions. The many-body expansion method is a common strategy to partition the total Hamiltonian of large systems into a hierarchy of few-body terms. Neural networks were trained to represent electrostatically embedded one-body and two-body interactions, which require as input only one and two water molecule calculations at the level of ab initio electronic structure method CCSD/aug-cc-pVDZ embedded in the molecular mechanics water environment, making it efficient as a general force field construction approach. Structural and dynamic properties of liquid water calculated with our force field show good agreement with experimental results. We constructed two sets of neural network based force fields: nonpolarizable and polarizable force fields. Simulation results show that the nonpolarizable force field using fixed TIP3P charges has already behaved well, since polarization effects and many-body effects are implicitly included due to the electrostatic embedding scheme. Our results demonstrate that the electrostatically embedded many-body expansion combined with neural network provides a promising and systematic way to build next-generation force fields at high accuracy and low computational costs, especially for large systems.
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