Complete written/oral information about dose exposure in CT: is it really useful to guarantee the patients' awareness about radiation risks?

Published

Journal Article

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: According to the European directive 2013/59/Euratom, starting from February 2018, the information relating to patient exposure will be part of computed tomography (CT) reports, but the impact of this information on patients has not been deeply evaluated. Aim of our study was to evaluate patients' perception of radiation exposure related to routine CT and their understanding after communication of their dose exposure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey, investigating patient's knowledge of radiation dose, was given to all adult patients (> 18 years) undergoing a CT examination both before and after CT scan. The first survey was the same for all patients. After CT scan, a second questionnaire was administered (after receiving the CT dose bill report and medical written and/or explanation about ionizing radiation risk). Results of the pre- and post-CT questionnaires responses were compared according to demographics characteristics and among the four post-CT groups. RESULTS: For some questions, statistically significant differences were found between the two centres. Seventy per cent of the patients answered that the presence of CT parameters in the report is considered useful. Even if not always statistically significant there was a slight increase in awareness of ionizing radiation risk comparing the pre- and post-CT surveys. The group that had both written and oral explanations had a better comprehension of CT dose bill (group III vs. I, p = 0.002). CONCLUSION: The way of communication of ionizing radiation risks did not affect the results of the post-CT survey. Indeed, the interest in the topic did not rise in the post-CT survey in any of the group. Adequate information about ionizing radiation risks provided together with dose exposure information may be useful. However, there is not a standardized better way of communicating information on ionizing radiation risks due to CT.

Full Text

Cited Authors

  • Salerno, S; Nardi, C; Tudisca, C; Matranga, D; Vernuccio, F; Di Piazza, A; Selvi, V; Colagrande, S

Published Date

  • October 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 123 / 10

Start / End Page

  • 788 - 798

PubMed ID

  • 29856001

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29856001

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1826-6983

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1007/s11547-018-0909-0

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • Italy