Kidney function monitoring and nonvitamin K oral anticoagulant dosage in atrial fibrillation.
BACKGROUND: Clinical practice guidelines recommend regular kidney function monitoring in atrial fibrillation patients on nonvitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOAC); however, information regarding compliance with these recommendations in daily life conditions is scarce. We sought to determine the compliance with kidney function monitoring recommendations in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NVAF) patients starting NOAC and its implication on the appropriateness of NOAC dosage. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study involves the retrospective analysis of a multicentre registry including consecutive NVAF patients who started NOAC (n = 692). Drug dosage changes and serum creatinine determinations were recorded during 1-year follow-up. European Heart Rhythm Association criteria were used to define the appropriateness of kidney function monitoring as well as adequate NOAC dosage. RESULTS: During the follow-up (334 ± 89 days), the compliance with kidney function monitoring recommendations was 61% (n = 425). After multivariate adjustment, age (OR × year: 0.92 (CI 95%: 0.89-0.95) P < .001), creatinine clearance (OR × mL/min: 1.02 (CI 95%: 1.01-1.03) P < .001) and adequate NOAC dosage at baseline (OR: 1.54 (CI 95%: 1.06-2.23), P = .024) were independent predictors of appropriate kidney function monitoring. Compliance with kidney function monitoring recommendations was independently associated with change to appropriate NOAC dose after 1 year (OR: 2.80 (CI 95%: 1.01-7.80), P = .049). CONCLUSIONS: Noncompliance with kidney function monitoring recommendations is common in NVAF patients starting NOAC, especially in elderly patients with kidney dysfunction. Compliance with kidney function monitoring recommendations was associated with adequate NOAC dosage at 1-year follow-up. Further studies are warranted to evaluate the implication of kidney function monitoring on prognosis.
Andreu Cayuelas, JM; Caro Martínez, C; Flores Blanco, PJ; Elvira Ruiz, G; Albendin Iglesias, H; Cerezo Manchado, JJ; Bailen Lorenzo, JL; Januzzi, JL; García Alberola, A; Manzano-Fernández, S
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