Fully Printed and Flexible Carbon Nanotube Transistors for Pressure Sensing in Automobile Tires
© 2001-2012 IEEE. As the need for an increased supply and diversity of sensors expands, printed electronics have been identified as a promising approach for low-cost, ubiquitous sensor networks. In this paper, we demonstrate the use of a fully printed carbon nanotube thin-film transistor (CNT-TFT) for sensing environmental pressure over a pressure range extending from 0 to 42 PSIg. The transconductance of the CNT-TFT was found to be linearly correlated with environmental pressure at a sensitivity of 48.1 pS/PSI. We also demonstrate the capability of wirelessly transmitting the data measured by the pressure sensor using a simple Bluetooth module. Using the Bluetooth system, we observed the sensor's response over time as pressure was dynamically changed. Finally, we packaged the sensor along with a material thickness sensor (developed in previous work) into a fully printed smart tire sensor system capable of mapping tire pressure and tread depth differentials.
Andrews, JB; Cardenas, JA; Lim, CJ; Noyce, SG; Mullett, J; Franklin, AD
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