Improving Diagnostic Resolution of Failing ICs Through Learning
© 1982-2012 IEEE. Diagnosis is the first analysis step for uncovering the root cause of failure for a defective integrated logic circuit. The conventional objective of identifying failure locations has been augmented with various physically-aware diagnosis techniques that are intended to improve both resolution and accuracy. Despite these advances, it is often the case, however, that resolution, i.e., the number of locations or candidates reported by diagnosis, exceeds the number of actual failing locations. To address this major challenge, a novel, machine-learning-based resolution improvement methodology named physically-aware diagnostic resolution enhancement (PADRE) is described. PADRE uses easily-available tester and simulation data to extract features that uniquely characterize each candidate. PADRE applies machine learning to the features to identify candidates that correspond to the actual failure locations. Through various experiments, PADRE is shown to significantly improve resolution with virtually no negative impact on accuracy. Additional experiments demonstrate that PADRE is robust against data set variation and feature-data availability.
Xue, Y; Li, X; Blanton, RD
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