Differential reversal of lipophilic antifolate resistance in mammalian cells with modulators of the multidrug resistance phenotype.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) T19 cells express a stable P-glycoprotein (P-170)-dependent multidrug resistance (MDR) phenotype and display a 24- to 29-fold cross-resistance to the lipophilic antifolates piritrexim (PTX) and trimetrexate (TMTX). We have examined the ability of various modulators of the MDR phenotype to sensitize T19 cells to TMTX and PTX in a clonogenic assay. An almost complete reversal of TMTX resistance in T19 cells was achieved with several modulators of the MDR phenotype whereas only a partial sensitization of T19 cells to PTX was obtained with the most potent modulator. In an attempt to explore the apparent P-170-independent locus of protection against PTX, resistant T19 sublines were isolated after stepwise selection with PTX and TMTX. Thus, T19 cells made resistant to PTX displayed a dramatic decrease in P-170 mRNA levels despite the maintenance of the parental T19 MDR gene amplification, whereas T19 cells selected for TMTX resistance exhibited a further increase in P-170 mRNA levels. Hence, the modulation experiments together with the established lipophilic antifolate-resistant T19 variants suggest that although T19 cells possess a P-170-dependent MDR phenotype and display a similar cross-resistance to TMTX and PTX, the protective pathway need not be necessarily via P-170. Rather, a pathway appears to exist that protects T19 MDR cells from the cytotoxicity of PTX without requiring a P-170 function.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Assaraf, YG; Borgnia, MJ

Published Date

  • June 1993

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 4 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 395 - 406

PubMed ID

  • 8102912

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0959-4973

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1097/00001813-199306000-00018


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England