Antibody to native human immunodeficiency virus type 1 envelope glycoproteins induced by IIIB and MN recombinant gp120 vaccines. The NIAID AIDS Vaccine Evaluation Group.
The ability of antibody induced by MN and IIIB recombinant gp120 (rgp120) human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) vaccines the bind to oligomeric native and monomeric recombinant HIV-1 envelope glycoproteins (rgp 120) was measured in 25 uninfected, healthy adult volunteers. A major focus was to evaluate the effect of simultaneous and sequential immunization with vaccines representing different strains of HIV-1 on the ability to broaden cross-reactivity of antibodies against these and other HIV-1 strains. A flow cytometric indirect immunofluorescence assay (FIFA) to detect vaccine-induced antibody to envelope glycoprotein expressed by infected and rgp120-coated target cells was used, MN rgp120 HIV-1 vaccine given alone and coadministered with IIIB rgp120 HIV-1 vaccine elicited antibody which bound to cells infected with HIV-1MN, HIV-IIIB, HIV-1RF, and HIV-1-SF2. The presence of envelope glycoprotein-binding antibody detected by FIFA correlated to a moderate degree with functional antibody against HIV-1MN and HIV-IIIB. Priming immunization with IIIB rgp120 HIV-1 vaccine followed by booster injections of MN rgp120 HIV-1 vaccine resulted in increased cross-reactive antibody binding to these and heterologous clade B HIV-1 strains infecting cells. MN rgp120 HIV-1 vaccine given alone was better able to induce cross-reactive antibody to cells infected with heterologous HIV-1 laboratory strains than was IIIB rgp120 HIV-1 vaccine given alone. The vaccines induced binding antibody to rgp120 possessing the amino acid sequence of a clade E HIV-1 strain as measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Levels of antibody binding to cells infected with clade B HIV-1 and cells coated with monomeric rgp120 were greater than that induced by HIV-1IIIB-based gp160 vaccines in previous studies.
Gorse, GJ; Patel, GB; Newman, FK; Belshe, RB; Berman, PW; Gregory, TJ; Matthews, TJ
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