Long-range correlations in a polymer chain due to its connectivity
The analysis of intrachain monomeric interactions reveals a new effect in the description of polymer conformations in dilute theta-solutions, semidilute solutions, and melts. The chain connectivity modifies the effective monomeric interaction, which results in the long range correlations between orientations of polymer bonds, that decay as a power law. A major modification of the standard polymer models was made to describe this effect. We predict the power-law decay of the bond-vector correlation function of a polymer in the theta-solvent, \textless a(i)a(j)\textgreater similar to vertical bar i-j vertical bar(-3/2), (a(i) is the ith bond vector) instead of commonly assumed exponential decay. We calculated the length dependence of the ratio of the mean squared size of a chain segment to its length s. Our theory predicts that this ratio has a maximum below the theta-point due to the balance of the new effective interaction and the two-body attraction. The Flory characteristic ratio C-n of a chain with n main chain bonds is found to approach its asymptotic value C-infinity as n(-1/2) and not as n(-1), predicted by the classical polymer models. We show that the necessary conditions for the existence of new effective interactions is the chain connectivity and nonzero range of monomeric interactions.
Shirvanyants, D; Panyukov, S; Liao, Q; Rubinstein, M
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)