Long-range effects on polymer diffusion induced by a bounding interface
We have measured the diffusion of deuterated polystyrene of molecular weight 90 x 10(3) in various matrices of hydrogenated polystyrene as a function of distance from an attractive interface, oxide-covered silicon. Surprisingly long-range effects are observed. Diffusion rates an order of magnitude slower than bulk persist up to 10R(g) (radius of gyration) from the interface of either the diffusant or matrix polymers. The slowdown is independent of matrix molecular weight over a broad range. However, mixing of polymers within the matrix strongly influences the rates of diffusion.
Zheng, X; Rafailovich, MH; Sokolov, J; Strzhemechny, Y; Schwarz, SA; Sauer, BB; Rubinstein, M
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