Levetiracetam for partial seizures: results of a double-blind, randomized clinical trial.

Published

Journal Article

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of 500 mg bid and 1500 mg bid levetiracetam as adjunctive therapy for refractory partial seizures in a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, parallel-group, multicenter trial. METHODS: The authors studied patients with uncontrolled partial seizures (minimum 12 per 12 weeks), regardless of whether they became secondarily generalized, for 38 weeks. A 12-week baseline was followed by random assignment to adjunctive therapy with placebo (n = 95), levetiracetam 1000 mg/day (n = 98), or levetiracetam 3000 mg/day (n = 101). Upward titration over 4 weeks was followed by 14 weeks of fixed dose treatment, and concluded with an 8-week medication withdrawal period or entering a follow-up study. RESULTS: Of 294 patients randomized, 268 completed the study. Partial seizure frequency during the entire evaluation period (primary efficacy variable) was lower with levetiracetam compared to placebo (p /=10%), mostly mild to moderate in severity, with incidences higher than placebo were asthenia, dizziness, flu syndrome, headache, infection, rhinitis, and somnolence. CONCLUSION: Adjunctive therapy with levetiracetam was effective and well tolerated in controlling partial seizures.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cereghino, JJ; Biton, V; Abou-Khalil, B; Dreifuss, F; Gauer, LJ; Leppik, I

Published Date

  • July 25, 2000

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 55 / 2

Start / End Page

  • 236 - 242

PubMed ID

  • 10908898

Pubmed Central ID

  • 10908898

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0028-3878

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1212/wnl.55.2.236

Language

  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States