Functional networks underlying item and source memory: shared and distinct network components and age-related differences.

Published

Journal Article

Although the medial temporal lobes (MTLs) are critical for both item memory (IM) and source memory (SM), the lateral prefrontal cortex and posterior parietal cortex play a greater role during SM than IM. It is unclear, however, how these differences translate into shared and distinct IM versus SM network components and how these network components vary with age. Within a sample of younger adults (YAs; n = 15, Mage = 19.5 years) and older adults (OAs; n = 40, Mage = 68.6 years), we investigated the functional networks underlying IM and SM. Before functional MRI scanning, participants encoded nouns while making either pleasantness or size judgments. During functional MRI scanning, participants completed IM and SM retrieval tasks. We found that MTL nodes were similarly interconnected among each other during both IM and SM (shared network components) but maintained more intermodule connections during SM (distinct network components). Also, during SM, OAs (compared to YAs) had MTL nodes with more widespread connections. These findings provide a novel viewpoint on neural mechanism differences underlying IM versus SM in YAs and OAs.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Monge, ZA; Stanley, ML; Geib, BR; Davis, SW; Cabeza, R

Published Date

  • September 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 69 /

Start / End Page

  • 140 - 150

PubMed ID

  • 29894904

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29894904

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1558-1497

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0197-4580

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.neurobiolaging.2018.05.016

Language

  • eng