Tyrosine-dependent basolateral targeting of human connexin43-eYFP in Madin-Darby canine kidney cells can be disrupted by the oculodentodigital dysplasia mutation L90V.
Polarized membrane sorting of connexin 43 (Cx43) has not been well-characterized. Based on the presence of a putative sorting signal, YKLV(286-289), within its C-terminal cytoplasmic domain, we hypothesized that Cx43 is selectively expressed on the basolateral surface of Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells in a tyrosine-dependent manner. We generated stable MDCK cell lines expressing human wild-type and mutant Cx43-eYFP, and analyzed the membrane localization of Cx43-eYFP within polarized monolayers using confocal microscopy and selective surface biotinylation. We found that wild-type Cx43-eYFP was selectively targeted to the basolateral membrane domain of MDCK cells. Substitution of alanine for Y286 disrupted basolateral targeting of Cx43-eYFP. Additionally, substitution of a sequence containing the transferrin receptor internalization signal, LSYTRF, for PGYKLV(284-289) also disrupted basolateral targeting. Taken together, these results indicate that Y286 in its native amino acid sequence is necessary for targeting Cx43-eYFP to the basolateral membrane domain of MDCK cells. To determine whether the F52dup or L90V oculodentodigital dysplasia-associated mutations could affect polarized sorting of Cx43-eYFP, we analyzed the expression of these Cx43-eYFP mutant constructs and found that the L90V mutation disrupted basolateral expression. These findings raise the possibility that some oculodentodigitial dysplasia-associated mutations contribute to disease by altering polarized targeting of Cx43.
Chtchetinin, J; Gifford, WD; Li, S; Paznekas, WA; Jabs, EW; Lai, A
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