Relationship of Joint Hypermobility with Ankle and Foot Radiographic Osteoarthritis and Symptoms in a Community-Based Cohort.
OBJECTIVE: To explore associations of joint hypermobility (a condition where range of motion is greater than normal) with ankle and foot radiographic osteoarthritis (OA) and symptoms in a large community-based cohort of African American and white adults ages 55-94 years old. METHODS: Ankle and foot radiographs and joint hypermobility data (Beighton score for joint hypermobility criteria) were available for 848 participants (from 2003 to 2010) in this cross-sectional study. General joint hypermobility was defined as a Beighton score ≥4 (range 0-9); knee hypermobility was defined as hyperextension of at least 1 knee. Standing anteroposterior and lateral foot radiographs were read with standard atlases for Kellgren-Lawrence grade, osteophytes, and joint space narrowing (JSN) at the tibiotalar joint, and for osteophytes and JSN to define OA at 5 foot joints. Ankle or foot symptoms were self-reported. Separate person-based logistic regression models were used to estimate associations of ankle and foot OA and symptom outcomes with hypermobility measures, adjusting for age, sex, race, body mass index, and history of ankle/foot injury. RESULTS: This sample cohort included 577 women (68%) and 280 African Americans (33%). The mean age of the participants was 71 years, with a mean body mass index of 31 kg/m2 . The general joint hypermobility of the participants was 7% and knee hypermobility was 4%. Having a history of ankle injury was 11.5%, and foot injury was 3.8%. Although general joint hypermobility was not associated with ankle and foot outcomes, knee hypermobility was associated with ankle symptoms, foot symptoms, and talonavicular OA (adjusted odds ratios of 4.4, 2.4, and 3.0, respectively). CONCLUSION: Knee joint hypermobility may be related to talonavicular OA and to ankle and foot symptoms.
Golightly, YM; Hannan, MT; Nelson, AE; Hillstrom, HJ; Cleveland, RJ; Kraus, VB; Schwartz, TA; Goode, AP; Flowers, P; Renner, JB; Jordan, JM
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