Cytological evidence of transcription of highly repeated DNA sequences during the lampbrush stage in Triturus cristatus carnifex.
Highly repeated, or satellite, DNA fractions have been isolated from total Triturus cristatus carnifex DNA by renaturation kinetics, caesium salt centrifugation and restriction endonuclease digestion. We have shown by DNA/DNA in situ hybridisation and autoradiography that all of these probes bind to C-band positive regions on mitotic or lampbrush chromosomes of T.c. carnifex. Under conditions of DNA to RNA-transcript in situ hybridisation labelled satellite DNA binds to nascent RNA transcripts that are still associated with the DNA axes of many lampbrush loops. The majority of the loops that label heavily in these experiments are located on the long arms of chromosome I, a region previously shown to be rich in highly repeated DNA and to have many of the properties of heterochromatin. These satellite DNA probes also label many loops on a comparable chromosome region in T. marmoratus, a species closely related to T. cristatus. However, in DNA/RNA-transcript hybrids to other more distantly related species of Triturus, there are no chromosome regions that have the same concentration of labelled loop pairs as the long arms of T.c. carnifex and T. marmoratus, although some loop pairs do label. We have cloned two satellite sequences in pBR322, and have obtained the same results using these pure probes as we obtained using satellite probes isolated by other techniques. These results demonstrate unequivocally that satellite DNA is transcribed on lampbrush chromosomes during oogenesis in crested newts.
Varley, JM; Macgregor, HC; Nardi, I; Andrews, C; Erba, HP
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