SpinThin, a simple, inexpensive technique for preparation of thin-layer cervical cytology from liquid-based specimens: data on 791 cases.
BACKGROUND: Acceptance of liquid-based fixatives for cervical cytology has been limited by the more complex slide-preparation procedures, increased cost, and reports that increased sensitivity has been based largely on comparison with conventional cytology without histologic correlation. Here the authors describe and evaluate a technically simple and relatively inexpensive method (which they call SpinThin) for preparing Cytospin (Shandon Inc., Pittsburgh, PA) cervical cytology slides from samples in liquid fixative using a modified electric toothbrush holder to put the cells in suspension. Results are compared with conventional cytology and histologic biopsy. METHODS: A total of 791 cervical cytology specimens from 2 patient groups at high risk of uterine cervical neoplasia were entered into this study, and a spatula and cytobrush (174 specimens) or cytobroom (617 specimens) were used to collect conventional smears. The collection device with remaining cellular sample was placed in an alcohol-based fixative solution; the cells were put into suspension by a brief burst of vibration using a modified electric toothbrush holder, then cytocentrifuged on a slide and stained with the Papanicolaou technique. RESULTS: Specimen adequacy in SpinThin slides was better than that of conventional cytology smears. However, the prevalence of dysplasia, including atypical squamous cells of undetermined significance (ASCUS-D), in conventional smears and SpinThin slides was the same--27% and 25%, respectively--and excluding ASCUS-D, it was 20% in both. The prevalence of neoplasia (low or high grade squamous intraepithelial lesion, or carcinoma) histologically was 31% in the 647 cases biopsied, and agreement with histology was similar for SpinThin and conventional smears. CONCLUSIONS: Using a simple and relatively inexpensive new technique (Spin-Thin), slides prepared from fluid-based cervical cytology specimens obtained with the cytobrush or cytobroom correlated very well with the corresponding conventional smears within major diagnostic categories, and both correlated well with histology.
Khalbuss, WE; Rudomina, D; Kauff, ND; Chuang, L; Melamed, MR
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