Real-world systemic therapy utilization in Medicare patients with locally advanced or metastatic urothelial carcinoma.
415 Background: Several immunotherapies recently have been approved for the treatment of locally advanced or metastatic bladder cancer that is prevalent in older adults. Utilization patterns in Medicare patients have not been examined and can provide an important context for emerging therapies. Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of SEER-Medicare beneficiaries diagnosed with locally advanced (T3-T4, N1-N3, M0) or metastatic urothelial carcinoma (any T, any N, M1) of the bladder or upper urinary tract from 2008 to 2012 and further characterized patients undergoing initial chemotherapy (within 30 days of diagnosis). Individuals receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy were excluded. Results: A total of 3569 patients met study criteria. Among these, 48% received chemotherapy within 2 years of diagnosis. Receipt of chemotherapy was associated with younger age (median 75 vs 80 years, P< .001) and fewer comorbid conditions, including diabetes (12% vs 16%), renal disease (6% vs 11%), and congestive heart failure (4% vs 8%). A total of 977 patients received chemotherapy, of which 38% had distant metastatic disease and 65% had locally advanced tumors. Most patients had no (70%) or only a single (14%) comorbid medical condition. These patients most commonly received doublet chemotherapy (67%) followed by single-agent (17%) or triple-agent (10%) treatment. Gemcitabine was the most common individual agent received as part of initial chemotherapy (81%), followed by carboplatin (50%), cisplatin (38%), and docetaxel or paclitaxel (each 13%). The most common combination received was gemcitabine/carboplatin (42%) followed by gemcitabine/cisplatin (36%). Conclusions: Only half of Medicare patients with advanced urothelial carcinoma received systemic therapy. Most received a platinum doublet regimen. Gemcitabine in combination with platinum-containing chemotherapy was the preferred treatment. Ongoing assessment of the risks and benefits of emerging treatments for Medicare patients may be warranted with the introduction of targeted and/or immune therapies.
Dinan, MA; Georgieva, M; Shenolikar, R; Scales, CD
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