Effectiveness of high rate and delayed detection ICD programming by race: A MADIT-RIT substudy.
INTRODUCTION: Data on inappropriate and appropriate ICD therapy, and efficacy of ICD programing strategies by race are limited. METHODS: In MADIT-RIT, we evaluated the risk of ICD therapy by race, and the efficacy of high rate cut-off ventricular tachycardia (VT) zone ≥200 beats per minute (bpm) (Arm B), or 60 seconds delay in VT zone 170-199 bpm (Arm C), compared to 2.5 seconds delay at 170 bpm (Arm A) among black and white patients. RESULTS: MADIT-RIT enrolled 272 (20%) black and 1119 (80%) white patients. The risk of inappropriate therapy was similar among blacks and whites, HR 1.25, 95% CI (0.82-1.93), P = 0.30. High rate cut-off or delayed VT therapy was associated with significant reductions in inappropriate therapy among whites, Arm B versus Arm A, HR 0.15, 95% CI (0.08-0.29), P < 0.0001, Arm C versus Arm A, HR 0.19, 95% CI (0.11-0.33), P < 0.001, and black individuals Arm B versus Arm A, HR 0.24, 95% CI (0.01-0.56), P = 0.0001, Arm C versus Arm A, HR 0.30, 95% CI (0.13-0.68), P = 0.004, P interaction > 0.10). However, delayed VT therapy was associated with a trend toward greater reduction in appropriate therapy in black individuals, HR 0.08, 95% CI (0.03-0.27), P < 0.0001 relative to white individuals, HR 0.27, 95% CI (0.16-0.43), P < 0.0001, P interaction = 0.077. CONCLUSION: In MADIT-RIT, high rate and delayed detection ICD programming provided similar benefit with reductions in both inappropriate therapy and unnecessary appropriate therapy among black and white individuals. CLINICALTRIALS. GOV IDENTIFIER: NCT00947310.
Jackson, LR; Thomas, KL; Polonsky, B; Zareba, W; Lahiri, M; Saba, S; McNitt, S; Schuger, C; Daubert, JP; Moss, AJ; Kutyifa, V
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