International Validation of the Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Risk Score for Secondary Prevention in Post-MI Patients: A Collaborative Analysis of the Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium and the Risk Validation Scientific Committee.
BACKGROUND: The Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Risk Score for Secondary Prevention (TRS2°P), a 0-to-9-point system based on the presence/absence of 9 clinical factors, was developed to classify the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) (a composite of cardiovascular death, recurrent myocardial infarction, or ischemic stroke) among patients with a recent myocardial infarction. Its performance has not been examined internationally outside of a clinical trial setting. METHODS AND RESULTS: We evaluated the performance of TRS2°P for predicting MACE in 53 599 patients with recent myocardial infarction in 5 international cohorts from New Zealand, South Korea, Sweden, and the United States participating in the Chronic Kidney Disease Prognosis Consortium. Overall, there were 19 444 cases of MACE across 5 cohorts over a mean follow-up of 5 years, and the overall MACE rate ranged from 5.0 to 18.4 (per 100 person-years). The TRS2°P showed modest calibration (Brier score ranged from 0.144 to 0.173) and discrimination (C-statistics >0.61 in all studies except 1 from Korea with 0.55) across cohorts relative to its original Brier score of 0.098 and C-statistic of 0.67 in the derived data set. Although there was some heterogeneity across cohorts, the 9 predictors in the TRS2°P were generally associated with higher MACE risk, with strongest associations observed (meta-analyzed adjusted hazard ratio 1.6-1.7) for history of heart failure, age ≥75 years, and prior stroke, followed by peripheral artery disease, kidney dysfunction, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension (hazard ratio 1.3-1.4). Prior coronary bypass graft surgery and smoking did not reach statistical significance (hazard ratio ≈1.1). CONCLUSIONS: TRS2°P, a simple scoring system with 9 routine clinical factors, was modestly predictive of secondary events when applied in patients with recent myocardial infarction from diverse clinical and geographic settings.
Mok, Y; Ballew, SH; Bash, LD; Bhatt, DL; Boden, WE; Bonaca, MP; Carrero, JJ; Coresh, J; D'Agostino, RB; Elley, CR; Fowkes, FGR; Jee, SH; Kovesdy, CP; Mahaffey, KW; Nadkarni, G; Peterson, ED; Sang, Y; Matsushita, K
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