Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Following Treatment for Primary Neoplasms or Other Medical Conditions: A Report of 21 Cases and Review of the Literature.
Objectives: Therapy-related chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) has been reported, but its clinical presentation and pathologic features have not yet been well characterized. Methods: Twenty-one cases of CML following treatment for primary diseases were collected and retrospectively analyzed. Results: The clinical presentation, pathologic features, and cytogenetic profile were similar to de novo CML. In particular, those with an isolated Philadelphia chromosome constituted 88.9% of our cases, and additional aberrations characteristic of therapy-related acute myeloid leukemia/myelodysplastic syndrome (AML/MDS) were not identified in this study. The patients responded to imatinib/derivatives and survived with limited follow-up. Conclusions: Therapy-related CML has a clinical presentation, pathologic features, and cytogenetic profile akin to de novo CML. Absence of additional significant aberrations seems to suggest a pathogenesis different from therapy-related AML/MDS. Therapy-related CML exhibits a robust therapeutic response to imatinib/derivatives and favorable clinical outcomes similar to de novo CML.
Yang, L-H; Su, P; Luedke, C; Lu, CM; Louissaint, A; McCall, CM; Rapisardo, S; Vallangeon, B; Wang, E
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