A robust network binder with dual functions of Cu2+ ions as ionic crosslinking and chemical binding agents for highly stable Li-S batteries

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Binders play a crucial role in improving the electrochemical performance of batteries. The major challenges associated with the sulfur cathode in lithium-sulfur (Li-S) batteries are up to 76% volume change during cycling from sulfur (S) to lithium sulfide (Li2S) and the shuttle effect of polysulfide anions, resulting in poor cycling performance. Herein, we design a network binder through the crosslinking effect of sodium alginate (SA) and Cu2+ ions (named the SA-Cu binder), in which Cu2+ ions work not only as an ionic crosslinking agent for a robust network structure, but also as a chemical binding agent for polysulfide anions. The robust network binder buffers large volume variations during cycling, while electropositive Cu2+ ions immobilize polysulfide anions through strong chemical binding. The resulting sulfur electrode delivers a capacity of 925 mA h g-1 after 100 cycles at 0.2C, which is much higher than those of sulfur electrodes with only SA and PVDF binders. Due to the robust mechanical properties of the SA-Cu binder, a high-loading and crack-free sulfur electrode, i.e., a sulfur loading up to 8.05 mg cm-2, is also achieved and delivers a high areal capacity up to 9.5 mA h cm-2. This study paves a new way to immobilize polysulfide anions using the dual functions of Cu2+ ions as both the ionic crosslinking and chemical binding agents, which could open up a new direction for advanced binders for Li-S batteries in the near future.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Liu, J; Sun, M; Zhang, Q; Dong, F; Kaghazchi, P; Fang, Y; Zhang, S; Lin, Z

Published Date

  • January 1, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 6 / 17

Start / End Page

  • 7382 - 7388

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2050-7496

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2050-7488

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1039/c8ta01138a

Citation Source

  • Scopus