A Robust Ion-Conductive Biopolymer as a Binder for Si Anodes of Lithium-Ion Batteries
© 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim. Binders have been reported to play a key role in improving the cycle performance of Si anode materials of lithium-ion batteries. In this study, the biopolymer guar gum (GG) is applied as the binder for a silicon nanoparticle (SiNP) anode of a lithium-ion battery for the first time. Due to the large number of polar hydroxyl groups in the GG molecule, a robust interaction between the GG binder and the SiNPs is achieved, resulting in a stable Si anode during cycling. More specifically, the GG binder can effectively transfer lithium ions to the Si surface, similarly to polyethylene oxide solid electrolytes. When GG is used as a binder, the SiNP anode can deliver an initial discharge capacity as high as 3364 mAh g-1, with a Coulombic efficiency of 88.3% at the current density of 2100 mA g-1, and maintain a capacity of 1561 mAh g-1 after 300 cycles. The study shows that the electrochemical performance of the SiNP anode with GG binder is significantly improved compared to that of a SiNP anode with a sodium alginate binder, and it demonstrates that GG is a promising binder for Si anodes of lithium-ion batteries. Guar gum is used as a robust binder for a silicon nanoparticle anode of a lithium-ion battery for the first time. With a large number of polar hydroxyl groups, the guar gum binder can provide effective transport pathways for lithium ions, which significantly improves the electrochemical performance.
Liu, J; Zhang, Q; Zhang, T; Li, JT; Huang, L; Sun, SG
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