Inventory of leader sternness (ILS)
The Inventory of Leader Sternness (ILS) is a new leadership construct designed to measure sternness in an adult self-directed leader. Sternness, as a leadership construct, is derived from the writings of Sun Tzu in The Art of War as proposed by Carr, Coe, Derrick, and Ponton (2007). Winner (2008) developed the ILS to measure three co-occurring behavioral intentions of sternness: (a) a willingness to establish obedience through rewards and punishments within limits, (b) consistency in actions to ensure good behavior through rituals and respect, and (c) a determination to do the difficult tasks of leadership. The ILS is a valid and reliable instrument for use in the assessment of sternness in an adult self-directed leader. © 2013, IGI Global.
Winner, WD; Ricketson, RS
- Online Instruments, Data Collection, and Electronic Measurements: Organizational Advancements
Start / End Page
International Standard Book Number 13 (ISBN-13)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)