Associations Between Nutrition, Gut Microbiome, and Health in A Novel Nonhuman Primate Model.

Published

Journal Article

Red-shanked doucs (Pygathrix nemaeus) are endangered, foregut-fermenting colobine primates which are difficult to maintain in captivity. There are critical gaps in our understanding of their natural lifestyle, including dietary habits such as consumption of leaves, unripe fruit, flowers, seeds, and other plant parts. There is also a lack of understanding of enteric adaptations, including their unique microflora. To address these knowledge gaps, we used the douc as a model to study relationships between gastrointestinal microbial community structure and lifestyle. We analyzed published fecal samples as well as detailed dietary history from doucs with four distinct lifestyles (wild, semi-wild, semi-captive, and captive) and determined gastrointestinal bacterial microbiome composition using 16S rRNA sequencing. A clear gradient of microbiome composition was revealed along an axis of natural lifestyle disruption, including significant associations with diet, biodiversity, and microbial function. We also identified potential microbial biomarkers of douc dysbiosis, including Bacteroides and Prevotella, which may be related to health. Our results suggest a gradient-like shift in captivity causes an attendant shift to severe gut dysbiosis, thereby resulting in gastrointestinal issues.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Clayton, JB; Al-Ghalith, GA; Long, HT; Tuan, BV; Cabana, F; Huang, H; Vangay, P; Ward, T; Minh, VV; Tam, NA; Dat, NT; Travis, DA; Murtaugh, MP; Covert, H; Glander, KE; Nadler, T; Toddes, B; Sha, JCM; Singer, R; Knights, D; Johnson, TJ

Published Date

  • July 24, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 8 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 11159 -

PubMed ID

  • 30042392

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30042392

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 2045-2322

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2045-2322

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41598-018-29277-x

Language

  • eng