BILATERAL INTRAVITREAL 0.19-MG FLUOCINOLONE ACETONIDE IMPLANT FOR PERSISTENT NONDIABETIC CYSTOID MACULAR EDEMA AFTER VITRECTOMY.
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Iluvien (Alimera Science, Alpharetta, GA) is an injectable, nonbiodegradable, sustained-release 0.19-mg fluocinolone acetonide intravitreal implant. Although currently approved by the Food and Drug Administration only for diabetic macular edema previously treated with a course of corticosteroids without a clinically significant intraocular pressure response, the 0.19-mg fluocinolone acetonide implant could theoretically be used to treat other noninfectious inflammatory conditions including persistent cystoid macular edema because of nondiabetic etiologies. METHODS: Interventional case report. A 79-year-old man had persistent cystoid macular edema after pars plana vitrectomy in both eyes that was refractory to topical treatments and intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor. His cystoid macular edema was responsive to preservative-free intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide after which he developed noninfectious endophthalmitis or pseudoendophthalmitis in both eyes precluding further intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide injections. He was subsequently treated with bilateral intravitreal 0.19-mg fluocinolone acetonide implants. RESULTS: At the most recent post-treatment follow-up (11 months for the right eye and 13 months for the left eye), the patient demonstrated an improvement in visual acuity, 20/126 to 20/50 in the right eye and 20/80 to 20/40 in the left eye, and in central subfield thickness, 592 μm to 288 μm in the right eye and 565 μm to 287 μm in the left eye, without intraocular pressure elevation. CONCLUSION: The intravitreal 0.19-mg fluocinolone acetonide implant is an effective and potentially safe off-label therapeutic option for persistent nondiabetic cystoid macular edema after vitrectomy.
Ong, SS; Walter, SD; Chen, X; Thomas, AS; Finn, AP; Fekrat, S
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