Ribosomal RACK1:Protein Kinase C βII Phosphorylates Eukaryotic Initiation Factor 4G1 at S1093 To Modulate Cap-Dependent and -Independent Translation Initiation.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

Eukaryotic ribosomes contain the high-affinity protein kinase C βII (PKCβII) scaffold, receptor for activated C kinase (RACK1), but its role in protein synthesis control remains unclear. We found that RACK1:PKCβII phosphorylates eukaryotic initiation factor 4G1 (eIF4G1) at S1093 and eIF3a at S1364. We showed that reversible eIF4G(S1093) phosphorylation is involved in a global protein synthesis surge upon PKC-Raf-extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) activation and in induction of phorbol ester-responsive transcripts, such as cyclooxygenase 2 (Cox-2) and cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor (p21Cip1), or in 5' 7-methylguanosine (m7G) cap-independent enterovirus translation. Comparison of mRNA and protein levels revealed that eIF4G1 or RACK1 depletion blocked phorbol ester-induced Cox-2 or p21Cip1 expression mostly at the translational level, whereas PKCβ inhibition reduced them both at the translational and transcript levels. Our findings reveal a physiological role for ribosomal RACK1 in providing the molecular scaffold for PKCβII and its role in coordinating the translational response to PKC-Raf-ERK1/2 activation.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Dobrikov, MI; Dobrikova, EY; Gromeier, M

Published Date

  • October 1, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 38 / 19

PubMed ID

  • 30012863

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6146833

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-5549

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1128/MCB.00304-18


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States