Overall survival (OS) and stem cell transplant (SCT) in patients with FLT3 mutations treated with CPX-351 versus 7+3: Subgroup analysis of a phase III study of older adults with newly diagnosed, high-risk acute myeloid leukemia (AML).
e18507 Background: FLT3+ AML patients (pts; 20%-30% of AML pts) often have rapid post-induction relapse, highlighting the need for therapies that improve the bridge to SCT. CPX-351 is a liposomal formulation that delivers a synergistic 5:1 molar ratio of cytarabine (C) and daunorubicin (D). CPX-351 demonstrated efficacy versus 7+3 in a randomized, open-label, controlled phase III trial in pts aged 60-75 years with newly diagnosed, high-risk AML; our analysis investigated outcomes in the subset of FLT3+ pts. Methods: Pts were randomized 1:1 to induction with 1-2 cycles of CPX-351 (100 u/m2 [C 100 mg/m2 + D 44 mg/m2] on Days 1, 3, and 5 [2nd induction: Days 1 and 3]) or 7+3 (C 100 mg/m2/day x 7 days [2nd induction: x 5 days] + D 60 mg/m2on Days 1, 2, and 3 [2nd induction: Days 1 and 2]). Pts with complete remission (CR) or CR with incomplete platelet or neutrophil recovery (CRi) could receive up to 2 consolidation cycles. Results: Of the pts who had FLT3 mutations assessed and received study treatment, 22/138 (16%) pts in the CPX-351 arm and 20/136 (15%) pts in the 7+3 arm had baseline FLT3 mutations. AML subtypes in FLT3+ pts were: tAML (19%); AML after MDS with (38%) or without (10%) prior hypomethylating agents; AML after CMMoL (12%); and de novo AML with MDS karyotype (21%). In FLT3+ pts, median OS was longer with CPX-351 (10.25 mo) versus 7+3 (4.55 mo; HR = 0.57 [95% CI: 0.24, 1.33]; P= 0.093) and the rate of CR+CRi was higher (68% vs 25%). A greater number of FLT3+ pts treated with CPX-351 were able to undergo SCT (n = 10/22 [45%]; 4 pts were alive as of this analysis, after a median post-SCT follow up of 692 days [range: 96-769]) compared with 7+3 (n = 2/20 [10%]; neither pt still alive). The on-study safety profile of CPX-351 in FLT3+ pts was comparable to 7+3 and consistent with the overall study population. Serious adverse events were experienced by 7 (32%) FLT3+ pts in the CPX-351 arm and 10 (50%) in the 7+3 arm. Conclusions: CPX-351 demonstrated numerical improvement in median OS in older pts with newly diagnosed, FLT3+ high-risk AML and allowed more pts to undergo SCT. The analysis was limited by small number of pts. Clinical trial information: NCT01696084.
Medeiros, BC; Hogge, D; Newell, LF; Bixby, DL; Solomon, SR; Strickland, SA; Lin, TL; Erba, HP; Powell, BL; Podoltsev, NA; Ryan, R; Chiarella, M; Louie, A; Lancet, JE
Volume / Issue
Start / End Page
Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)
International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)