Investigating the effects of resveratrol on chronically ischemic myocardium in a swine model of metabolic syndrome: a proteomics analysis.
Resveratrol has been shown to improve cardiac perfusion and ventricular function after chronic ischemic injury. Using proteomic analysis, we sought to objectively investigate potential mechanisms, by which resveratrol exerts its cardioprotective effects in the setting of metabolic syndrome and chronic myocardial ischemia. Yorkshire swine were divided into two groups based on diet: high cholesterol (n=7) or a high-cholesterol diet with supplemental resveratrol (n=6). Four weeks later, all animals underwent surgical placement of an ameroid constrictor to their left circumflex artery. Diets were continued for another 7 weeks, and then the ischemic myocardium was harvested for proteomics analysis. Proteomic analysis identified 669 common proteins between the two groups. Of these proteins, 76 were statistically different, of which 41 were characterized (P<.05). Pathway analysis demonstrated that in animals supplemented with resveratrol, there was a downregulation in several proteins involved with mitochondrial dysfunction, cell death, and unfavorable cardiac remodeling. Furthermore, there was an upregulation in proteins involved in free radical elimination. We conclude that resveratrol supplementation significantly alters several critical protein markers in the chronically ischemic myocardium. Further investigation of these proteins may help elucidate the mechanisms by which resveratrol exerts its cardioprotective effects.
Sabe, AA; Sadek, AA; Elmadhun, NY; Dalal, RS; Robich, MP; Bianchi, C; Sellke, FW
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