Post hoc Analysis for Detecting Individual Rare Variant Risk Associations Using Probit Regression Bayesian Variable Selection Methods in Case-Control Sequencing Studies.


Journal Article

Rare variants (RVs) have been shown to be significant contributors to complex disease risk. By definition, these variants have very low minor allele frequencies and traditional single-marker methods for statistical analysis are underpowered for typical sequencing study sample sizes. Multimarker burden-type approaches attempt to identify aggregation of RVs across case-control status by analyzing relatively small partitions of the genome, such as genes. However, it is generally the case that the aggregative measure would be a mixture of causal and neutral variants, and these omnibus tests do not directly provide any indication of which RVs may be driving a given association. Recently, Bayesian variable selection approaches have been proposed to identify RV associations from a large set of RVs under consideration. Although these approaches have been shown to be powerful at detecting associations at the RV level, there are often computational limitations on the total quantity of RVs under consideration and compromises are necessary for large-scale application. Here, we propose a computationally efficient alternative formulation of this method using a probit regression approach specifically capable of simultaneously analyzing hundreds to thousands of RVs. We evaluate our approach to detect causal variation on simulated data and examine sensitivity and specificity in instances of high RV dimensionality as well as apply it to pathway-level RV analysis results from a prostate cancer (PC) risk case-control sequencing study. Finally, we discuss potential extensions and future directions of this work.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Larson, NB; McDonnell, S; Albright, LC; Teerlink, C; Stanford, J; Ostrander, EA; Isaacs, WB; Xu, J; Cooney, KA; Lange, E; Schleutker, J; Carpten, JD; Powell, I; Bailey-Wilson, J; Cussenot, O; Cancel-Tassin, G; Giles, G; MacInnis, R; Maier, C; Whittemore, AS; Hsieh, C-L; Wiklund, F; Catalona, WJ; Foulkes, W; Mandal, D; Eeles, R; Kote-Jarai, Z; Ackerman, MJ; Olson, TM; Klein, CJ; Thibodeau, SN; Schaid, DJ

Published Date

  • September 2016

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 40 / 6

Start / End Page

  • 461 - 469

PubMed ID

  • 27312771

Pubmed Central ID

  • 27312771

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1098-2272

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/gepi.21983


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States