Chromosome 17q12 variants contribute to risk of early-onset prostate cancer.
In a recent genome-wide association study by Gudmundsson and colleagues, two prostate cancer susceptibility loci were identified on chromosome 17q. The first locus, at 17q12, was distinguished by two intronic single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TCF2 gene (rs4430796 and rs7501939). The second locus was in a gene-poor region of 17q24, where the strongest evidence of association was for SNP rs1859962. To determine if these loci were also associated with hereditary prostate cancer, we genotyped them in a family-based association sample of 403 non-Hispanic white families, including 1,015 men with and without prostate cancer. SNPs rs4430796 and rs7501939, which were in strong linkage disequilibrium (r(2) = 0.68), showed the strongest evidence of prostate cancer association. Using a family-based association test, the A allele of SNP rs4430796 was overtransmitted to affected men (P = 0.006), with an odds ratio of 1.40 (95% confidence interval, 1.09-1.81) under an additive genetic model. Notably, rs4430796 was significantly associated with prostate cancer among men diagnosed at an early (<50 years) but not later age (P = 0.006 versus P = 0.118). Our results confirm the prostate cancer association with SNPs on chromosome 17q12 initially reported by Gudmundsson and colleagues. In addition, our results suggest that the increased risk associated with these SNPs is approximately doubled in individuals predisposed to develop early-onset disease. Importantly, these SNPs do not account for a significant portion of our prior prostate cancer linkage evidence on chromosome 17. Thus, there likely exist one or more additional independent prostate cancer susceptibility loci in this region.
Levin, AM; Machiela, MJ; Zuhlke, KA; Ray, AM; Cooney, KA; Douglas, JA
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