Truncating variants in p53AIP1 disrupting DNA damage-induced apoptosis are associated with prostate cancer risk.
Germ line mutations in several genes (BRCA1, BRCA2, and CHEK2) whose products are involved in the DNA damage-signaling pathway have been implicated in prostate cancer risk. To identify additional genes in this pathway that might confer susceptibility to this cancer, we analyzed a recently identified DNA damage-response gene, p53AIP1 (a gene encoding for p53-regulated apoptosis-inducing protein 1), for genetic variants in prostate cancer. Five novel germ line variants were identified. The two truncating variants (Ser(32)Stop and Arg(21)insG) were found in 3% (4 of 132) of unselected prostate tumor samples. Genotyping of the two variants in an additional 393 men with sporadic prostate cancer showed a frequency of 3.1% (12 of 393) in contrast to 0.6% (2 of 327) in 327 unaffected men (Fisher's exact test, P = 0.018), with an odds ratio (OR) of 5.1 [95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.1-23.0]. In addition, two of six tumors carrying the truncating variants were associated with loss of heterozygosity of the wild-type alleles, suggesting that p53AIP1 may act as a tumor suppressor. We also showed that the truncated p53AIP1 was unable to induce apoptosis and suppress cell growth in HeLa and COS-7 cells. These results suggest that loss-of-function variants in p53AIP1 associated with the risk of sporadic prostate cancer and further support the concept that the genetic defects in the DNA damage-response genes play an important role in the development of prostate cancer.
Wang, X; Wang, F; Taniguchi, K; Seelan, RS; Wang, L; Zarfas, KE; McDonnell, SK; Qian, C; Pan, K; Lu, Y; Shridhar, V; Couch, FJ; Tindall, DJ; Beebe-Dimmer, JL; Cooney, KA; Isaacs, WB; Jacobsen, SJ; Schaid, DJ; Thibodeau, SN; Liu, W
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