Functional analysis of a type IIB von Willebrand disease missense mutation: increased binding of large von Willebrand factor multimers to platelets.

Published

Journal Article

Type IIB von Willebrand disease is an autosomal dominant bleeding disorder characterized by the selective loss of high molecular weight von Willebrand factor (vWF) multimers in plasma, presumably due to their abnormally increased reactivity with platelets. We and others have recently identified a panel of missense mutations clustered in the platelet glycoprotein Ib binding domain of vWF from patients with type IIB von Willebrand disease. We now report functional analysis of one of the most frequent type IIB missense mutations, Arg-543----Trp (vWF R543W). vWF from a human umbilical vein endothelial cell culture heterozygous for the vWF R543W mutation showed markedly increased binding of large vWF multimers to platelets in the presence of a low dose of ristocetin compared to vWF from a normal control culture. Recombinant vWF containing the vWF R543W mutation expressed in COS-7 cells also demonstrated increased binding of large vWF multimers. Mixed multimers obtained by cotransfection of mutant and wild-type cDNAs showed partial dominance of the vWF R543W mutation. Thus these data demonstrate that the vWF R543W mutation alone is sufficient to confer increased binding of large vWF multimers to platelets in a dominant fashion and that no other factors relating to vWF posttranslational processing or secretion in endothelial cells are required for this effect.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Cooney, KA; Lyons, SE; Ginsburg, D

Published Date

  • April 1992

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 89 / 7

Start / End Page

  • 2869 - 2872

PubMed ID

  • 1557393

Pubmed Central ID

  • 1557393

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1091-6490

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0027-8424

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1073/pnas.89.7.2869

Language

  • eng