Somatic mutations in the BRCA1 gene in sporadic ovarian tumours.

Published

Journal Article

The BRCA1 gene on chromosome 17q21 is responsible for an autosomal dominant syndrome of increased susceptibility to breast and ovarian cancer but no somatic mutations in tumours have yet been described. To study the potential role of BRCA1 in sporadic carcinogenesis, we analysed the genomic DNA of tumour and normal fractions of 47 ovarian cancers for mutations in BRCA1 using the single-strand conformation polymorphism technique. We now describe somatic mutations in the DNA of four tumours which also had loss of heterozygosity (LOH) at a BRCA1 intragenic marker. Our data support a tumour suppressor mechanism for BRCA1; somatic mutations and LOH may result in inactivation of BRCA1 in at least a small number of ovarian cancers.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Merajver, SD; Pham, TM; Caduff, RF; Chen, M; Poy, EL; Cooney, KA; Weber, BL; Collins, FS; Johnston, C; Frank, TS

Published Date

  • April 1995

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 9 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 439 - 443

PubMed ID

  • 7795652

Pubmed Central ID

  • 7795652

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1546-1718

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1061-4036

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/ng0495-439

Language

  • eng