Developmental Education's Impact on Students' Academic Self-Concept and Self-Efficacy


Journal Article

© The Author(s) 2015. Students who are enrolled in developmental courses often persist at lower rates than students who enter college prepared for college-level work. This phenomenon has been attributed to numerous potential factors, including the psychological impact of assignment to developmental courses. This study examines the impact of enrollment in multiple developmental courses on students' academic self-concept and academic self-efficacy using the difference in differences method of analysis. Students at a small, regional college in the southeast were surveyed at the beginning and end of their first semester of enrollment. Researchers found no negative impact on students' academic self-concept or self-efficacy as a result of enrollment in multiple developmental courses in the first semester, but students enrolled in multiple developmental courses had lower academic self-concept than peers. There was no difference between the groups for academic self-efficacy.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Martin, K; Goldwasser, M; Harris, E

Published Date

  • February 1, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 18 / 4

Start / End Page

  • 401 - 414

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1541-4167

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 1521-0251

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/1521025115604850

Citation Source

  • Scopus