Household Income Predicts Trajectories of Child Internalizing and Externalizing Behavior in High-, Middle-, and Low-Income Countries.

Published

Journal Article

This study examined longitudinal links between household income and parents' education and children's trajectories of internalizing and externalizing behaviors from age 8 to 10 reported by mothers, fathers, and children. Longitudinal data from 1,190 families in 11 cultural groups in eight countries (Colombia, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Philippines, Sweden, Thailand, and United States) were included. Multigroup structural equation models revealed that household income, but not maternal or paternal education, was related to trajectories of mother-, father-, and child-reported internalizing and externalizing problems in each of the 11 cultural groups. Our findings highlight that in low-, middle-, and high-income countries, socioeconomic risk is related to children's internalizing and externalizing problems, extending the international focus beyond children's physical health to their emotional and behavioral development.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Lansford, JE; Malone, PS; Tapanya, S; Tirado, LMU; Zelli, A; Alampay, LP; Al-Hassan, SM; Bacchini, D; Bornstein, MH; Chang, L; Deater-Deckard, K; Di Giunta, L; Dodge, KA; Oburu, P; Pastorelli, C; Skinner, AT; Sorbring, E; Steinberg, L

Published Date

  • January 2019

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 43 / 1

Start / End Page

  • 74 - 79

PubMed ID

  • 30739968

Pubmed Central ID

  • 30739968

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1464-0651

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0165-0254

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1177/0165025418783272

Language

  • eng