Major Adverse Limb Events and 1-Year Outcomes After Peripheral Artery Revascularization.
BACKGROUND: Revascularization is important for symptom treatment and limb salvage in peripheral artery disease, yet little data exist on the incidence of post-procedure major adverse limb events (MALE) and longer-term outcomes. OBJECTIVES: This study sought to characterize hospitalizations and outpatient endovascular revascularizations after peripheral artery revascularization, assess temporal trends for outcomes, and identify factors associated with subsequent MALE hospitalization. METHODS: Patients undergoing peripheral artery revascularization between January 1, 2009, and September 30, 2014, in the Premier Healthcare Database were examined for the primary outcome of 1-year MALE hospitalization. Secondary outcomes included 1-year outpatient endovascular revascularization and limb-related, cardiovascular, and all-cause inpatient hospitalizations. Multivariable logistic regression was used to identify factors associated with 1-year MALE hospitalization. RESULTS: Among 381,415 revascularized patients, within 1 year post-index revascularization, 10.3% (n = 10,182) had a hospitalization for MALE, 11.0% (n = 42,056) had an outpatient endovascular revascularization, 18.8% (n = 71,663) had a limb-related hospitalization, 12.8% (n = 48,875) had a cardiovascular hospitalization, and 38.9% (n = 148,457) had any inpatient hospitalization. Over the study period, limb-related, cardiovascular, and all-cause hospitalizations decreased, whereas rates of outpatient endovascular revascularizations increased. Male sex, black race, Medicare and Medicaid insurance, diabetes, renal insufficiency, heart failure, smoking, baseline critical or acute limb ischemia, surgical revascularization, and noncardiology operator specialty were significantly associated with increased risk of MALE hospitalization. CONCLUSIONS: In contemporary practice, hospitalization for MALE occurs in 1 in 10 patients within 1 year after peripheral revascularization and is associated with patient and procedural factors. These data may inform efforts to improve post-procedure outcomes and limb-related clinical trial design.
Hess, CN; Rogers, RK; Wang, TY; Fu, R; Gundrum, J; Allen LaPointe, NM; Hiatt, WR
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