Traces of non-equilibrium dynamics in relativistic heavy-ion collisions

Conference Paper

The impact of non-equilibrium effects on the dynamics of heavy-ion collisions is investigated by comparing a non-equilibrium transport approach, the Parton-Hadron-String-Dynamics (PHSD), to a 2D+1 viscous hydrodynamical model, which is based on the assumption of local equilibrium and conservation laws. Starting the hydrodynamical model from the same non-equilibrium initial condition as in the PHSD, using an equivalent lQCD Equation-of-State (EoS), the same transport coefficients, i.e. shear viscosity ? and the bulk viscosity ? in the hydrodynamical model, we compare the time evolution of the system in terms of energy density, Fourier transformed energy density, spatial and momentum eccentricities and ellipticity in order to quantify the traces of non-equilibrium phenomena. In addition, we also investigate the role of initial pre-equilibrium flow on the hydrodynamical evolution and demonstrate its importance for final state observables. We find that due to non-equilibrium effects, the event-by-event transport calculations show large fluctuations in the collective properties, while ensemble averaged observables are close to the hydrodynamical results.

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Moreau, P; Xu, Y; Song, T; Nahrgang, M; Bass, S; Bratkovskaya, E

Published Date

  • January 1, 2017

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 2017-August /

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1824-8039

Citation Source

  • Scopus