Performance of Homologous and Heterologous Prime-Boost Immunization Regimens of Recombinant Adenovirus and Modified Vaccinia Virus Ankara Expressing an Ag85B-TB10.4 Fusion Protein against Mycobacterium tuberculosis.
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a serious health issue around the word. Adenovirus (Ad)-based vaccine and modified vaccinia virus Ankara (MVA)-based vaccine have emerged as two of the most promising immunization candidates over the past few years. However, the performance of the homologous and heterologous prime-boost immunization regimens of these two viral vector-based vaccines remains unclear. In the present study, we constructed recombinant Ad and MVA expressing an Ag85B-TB10.4 fusion protein (AdH4 and MVAH4) and evaluated the impact of their different immunization regimens on the humoral and cellular immune responses. We found that the viral vector-based vaccines could generate significantly higher levels of antigen-specific antibodies, IFN-γ-producing splenocytes, CD69⁺CD8⁺ T cells, and IFN-γ secretion when compared with bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) in a mouse model. AdH4-containing immunization regimens (AdH4-AdH4, AdH4-MVAH4, and MVAH4-AdH4) induced significantly stronger antibody responses, much more IFN-γ-producing splenocytes and CD69⁺CD8⁺ T cells, and higher levels of IFN-γ secretion when compared with the MVAH4-MVAH4 immunization regimen. The number of IFN-γ-producing splenocytes sensitive to CD8⁺ T-cell restricted peptides of Ag85B (9-1p and 9-2p) and Th1-related cytokines (IFN-γ and TNF-α) in the AdH4-MVAH4 heterologous prime-boost regimen immunization group was significantly higher than that in the other viral vector-based vaccine- and BCG-immunized groups, respectively. These results indicate that an immunization regimen involving AdH4 may have a higher capacity to induce humoral and cellular immune responses against TB in mice than that by regimens containing BCG or MVAH4 alone, and the AdH4-MVAH4 prime-boost regimen may generate an ideal protective effect.
Kou, Y; Wan, M; Shi, W; Liu, J; Zhao, Z; Xu, Y; Wei, W; Sun, B; Gao, F; Cai, L; Jiang, C
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