Middle ear irrigation using a hydrodebrider decreases biofilm surface area in an animal model of otitis media.

Journal Article (Journal Article)

OBJECTIVE: To compare the safety and efficacy of manual and powered irrigation of the middle ear using saline or 1% baby shampoo to treat biofilm-forming bacterial middle ear infections. BACKGROUND: Biofilms play a major role in recalcitrant otitis media and are challenging to treat. Many therapeutic strategies have been attempted and the role of topical therapies is still being investigated. Topical irrigation using saline or 1% baby shampoo and the use of a hydrodebrider have been investigated in biofilms involved in chronic rhinosinusitis and their role within the middle ear is yet to be determined. METHODS: Twenty-two adult chinchillas underwent bilateral trans-bullar inoculation of non-typable biofilm forming Haemophilus influenza followed by unilateral middle ear irrigation 5 days later using saline administered via a powered hydrodebrider or manual irrigation of saline or 1% baby shampoo. Contralateral inoculated ears served as control and were not irrigated. Two days following irrigation, the bullae were harvested and processed for scanning electron microscopy to assess biofilm surface area. Auditory brainstem responses were performed before bacterial inoculation and prior to euthanasia. RESULTS: Manual and powered irrigation were effective in reducing the surface area of biofilm when compared to the control group. The hydrodebrider demonstrated to be more effective at eradicating biofilm than manual irrigation, especially in areas of difficult access, such as the ventral portion of the chinchillas' bullae. There was no difference in manual irrigation of saline when compared to 1% baby shampoo. Irrigations either manually or using the hydrodebrider did not affect hearing, the vestibular system or facial function. CONCLUSION: Middle ear biofilms can be treated safely and effectively with rinses using either normal saline or 1% baby shampoo administered manually or with a powered hydrodebrider. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: NA.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Abi Hachem, R; Goncalves, S; Walker, T; Angeli, S

Published Date

  • June 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 3 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 231 - 237

PubMed ID

  • 30062140

Pubmed Central ID

  • PMC6057225

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 2378-8038

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1002/lio2.164


  • eng

Conference Location

  • United States