Enhancement of effective linear RF surface resistance of superconducting surfaces by microscopic topography


Journal Article

© 2018 Minimization of Radio-Frequency (RF) dissipation on superconducting surfaces is of interest for many applications. A prominent one is the use of Superconducting RF (SRF) cavities for charged particle acceleration. In addition to our previous investigation which characterized the occurrence of high-field non-linear losses by microscopic surface topography, the topic of increased linear losses as a function of surface topographic character merits consideration. Surfaces with isotropic homogeneous surface topography may be well characterized by power spectral density (PSD) derived from systematic height measurements. PSD characterizations of representative niobium cavity surface treatments have been developed: Electro-Polishing (EP), Nano-Mechanical Polishing (NMP) and Centrifugal Barrel Polishing (CBP) A perturbation model based on PSD statistical analysis is used to calculate additional RF loss on these surfaces when superconducting. The model assesses the penetration depth effects for a superconductor. We thus estimate the RF power dissipation ratio between these rough surfaces and an ideal smooth surface.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Xu, C; Reece, CE; Kelley, MJ; Takacs, P

Published Date

  • October 1, 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 904 /

Start / End Page

  • 124 - 129

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0168-9002

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.nima.2018.05.004

Citation Source

  • Scopus