Vulnerability, Income Growth and Climate Change


Journal Article

Cross-country data on energy consumption, per capita gross domestic product (GDP), and a social vulnerability index are used to measure changes in vulnerability associated with changes in per capita GDP and per capita energy consumption. Energy consumption, through its non-linear effect on per capita income, reduces a country's overall vulnerability by a greater amount at moderate incomes than at low or high incomes. An implication is that policies aimed at reducing carbon emissions in developing countries are unlikely to significantly affect vulnerability to the risks arising from climate change, especially at very low incomes. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Ward, P; Shively, G

Published Date

  • May 1, 2012

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 40 / 5

Start / End Page

  • 916 - 927

International Standard Serial Number (ISSN)

  • 0305-750X

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1016/j.worlddev.2011.11.015

Citation Source

  • Scopus