Molecular mechanisms of cell death: recommendations of the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death 2018.

Journal Article (Review)

Over the past decade, the Nomenclature Committee on Cell Death (NCCD) has formulated guidelines for the definition and interpretation of cell death from morphological, biochemical, and functional perspectives. Since the field continues to expand and novel mechanisms that orchestrate multiple cell death pathways are unveiled, we propose an updated classification of cell death subroutines focusing on mechanistic and essential (as opposed to correlative and dispensable) aspects of the process. As we provide molecularly oriented definitions of terms including intrinsic apoptosis, extrinsic apoptosis, mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT)-driven necrosis, necroptosis, ferroptosis, pyroptosis, parthanatos, entotic cell death, NETotic cell death, lysosome-dependent cell death, autophagy-dependent cell death, immunogenic cell death, cellular senescence, and mitotic catastrophe, we discuss the utility of neologisms that refer to highly specialized instances of these processes. The mission of the NCCD is to provide a widely accepted nomenclature on cell death in support of the continued development of the field.

Full Text

Duke Authors

Cited Authors

  • Galluzzi, L; Vitale, I; Aaronson, SA; Abrams, JM; Adam, D; Agostinis, P; Alnemri, ES; Altucci, L; Amelio, I; Andrews, DW; Annicchiarico-Petruzzelli, M; Antonov, AV; Arama, E; Baehrecke, EH; Barlev, NA; Bazan, NG; Bernassola, F; Bertrand, MJM; Bianchi, K; Blagosklonny, MV; Blomgren, K; Borner, C; Boya, P; Brenner, C; Campanella, M; Candi, E; Carmona-Gutierrez, D; Cecconi, F; Chan, FK-M; Chandel, NS; Cheng, EH; Chipuk, JE; Cidlowski, JA; Ciechanover, A; Cohen, GM; Conrad, M; Cubillos-Ruiz, JR; Czabotar, PE; D'Angiolella, V; Dawson, TM; Dawson, VL; De Laurenzi, V; De Maria, R; Debatin, K-M; DeBerardinis, RJ; Deshmukh, M; Di Daniele, N; Di Virgilio, F; Dixit, VM; Dixon, SJ; Duckett, CS; Dynlacht, BD; El-Deiry, WS; Elrod, JW; Fimia, GM; Fulda, S; García-Sáez, AJ; Garg, AD; Garrido, C; Gavathiotis, E; Golstein, P; Gottlieb, E; Green, DR; Greene, LA; Gronemeyer, H; Gross, A; Hajnoczky, G; Hardwick, JM; Harris, IS; Hengartner, MO; Hetz, C; Ichijo, H; Jäättelä, M; Joseph, B; Jost, PJ; Juin, PP; Kaiser, WJ; Karin, M; Kaufmann, T; Kepp, O; Kimchi, A; Kitsis, RN; Klionsky, DJ; Knight, RA; Kumar, S; Lee, SW; Lemasters, JJ; Levine, B; Linkermann, A; Lipton, SA; Lockshin, RA; López-Otín, C; Lowe, SW; Luedde, T; Lugli, E; MacFarlane, M; Madeo, F; Malewicz, M; Malorni, W; Manic, G; Marine, J-C; Martin, SJ; Martinou, J-C; Medema, JP; Mehlen, P; Meier, P; Melino, S; Miao, EA; Molkentin, JD; Moll, UM; Muñoz-Pinedo, C; Nagata, S; Nuñez, G; Oberst, A; Oren, M; Overholtzer, M; Pagano, M; Panaretakis, T; Pasparakis, M; Penninger, JM; Pereira, DM; Pervaiz, S; Peter, ME; Piacentini, M; Pinton, P; Prehn, JHM; Puthalakath, H; Rabinovich, GA; Rehm, M; Rizzuto, R; Rodrigues, CMP; Rubinsztein, DC; Rudel, T; Ryan, KM; Sayan, E; Scorrano, L; Shao, F; Shi, Y; Silke, J; Simon, H-U; Sistigu, A; Stockwell, BR; Strasser, A; Szabadkai, G; Tait, SWG; Tang, D; Tavernarakis, N; Thorburn, A; Tsujimoto, Y; Turk, B; Vanden Berghe, T; Vandenabeele, P; Vander Heiden, MG; Villunger, A; Virgin, HW; Vousden, KH; Vucic, D; Wagner, EF; Walczak, H; Wallach, D; Wang, Y; Wells, JA; Wood, W; Yuan, J; Zakeri, Z; Zhivotovsky, B; Zitvogel, L; Melino, G; Kroemer, G

Published Date

  • March 2018

Published In

Volume / Issue

  • 25 / 3

Start / End Page

  • 486 - 541

PubMed ID

  • 29362479

Pubmed Central ID

  • 29362479

Electronic International Standard Serial Number (EISSN)

  • 1476-5403

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

  • 10.1038/s41418-017-0012-4


  • eng

Conference Location

  • England