Colorectal Cancer Among Gout Patients Undergoing Colonoscopy.
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: The connection between gout and various cancers remains unclear. We assessed the relationship between gout and colorectal cancer in a population of veterans. METHODS: We reviewed the Computerized Patient Record System of the VA New York Harbor Health Care System to assess the 10-year occurrence of colorectal cancer in patients with gout undergoing colonoscopy, versus patients with osteoarthritis but no gout. RESULTS: Gout and osteoarthritis subjects were similar in age, ethnicity, body mass index, and smoking history. Among 581 gout and 598 osteoarthritis subjects with documented colonoscopies, the 10-year prevalence of colorectal cancer was significantly lower in gout (0.8%) versus osteoarthritis (3.7%) (P = 0.0008) patients. Differences in colorectal cancer rates remained significant after stratifying for nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use. Among gout subjects, use of colchicine and/or allopurinol, as well as the presence/absence of concomitant osteoarthritis, did not influence colorectal cancer occurrence. On subanalysis, differences in colorectal cancer occurrence between gout and osteoarthritis subjects persisted among those who underwent diagnostic (0.5% in gout vs 4.6% in osteoarthritis subjects, P < 0.001) but not screening (0.9% in gout subjects vs 1% in osteoarthritis subjects, P = 1.0) colonoscopy. There was no significant difference in nonmalignant colorectal polyp occurrence between gout and osteoarthritis subjects. CONCLUSIONS: Subjects with gout had decreased colonoscopy-documented occurrence of colorectal cancer compared with osteoarthritis subjects, suggesting a possible protective effect.
Slobodnick, A; Krasnokutsky, S; Lehmann, RA; Keenan, RT; Quach, J; Francois, F; Pillinger, MH
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